Question by Rose H: What good things did Stalin do for Russia?
Like economically, politically, strategically, anything. I know he was bad towards his people, but was it justified by the other good things he did? After all, Russia became a world power after his rule.
So- how did Stalin improve Russia?
Answer by poornakumar b
Long ago the venerable James Jeans wrote a book popularising Science(Astronomy, Cosmology, Atomic Physics). On the front page was this caption “A Russian school boy can understand this; can you?”.
First, a national leader enables his country to prosper by his ideology, philosophy and methods; but not pleasing every busybody in the world.
Russia (& Czarist Empire later turned into USSR) were a backward agrarian economy with hardly any industries worth the name. Most of the population were serfs working hard to fatten the aristocracy. After that Stalin progressed it by adapting the 5 year plan regime(Pyatiletka) in economy and by the time of his death (1953) USSR was so advanced that it was on the verge of becoming the other superpower to challenge American supremacy. Industries were producing to excess capacity, all weapons & even Atomic (and Hydrogen) Bombs that wouldn’t be possible if there is no sound Science research infrastructure. I am not viewing it from ‘human rights’ angle.
Criticism of USSR and its regimes have become a Western Industry. Judging by Western standard of ‘Profit & Loss’ accounts (monetarist) is irrelevant as their system deliberately by passed it There is frequent talk that Russians stole secrets, blue prints etc of bombs technology and all that. Any person with some brains will admit that you can’t build a whole edifice of technology on just thievery. It is ridiculous and stupid. During the process of developing a system the developer hits a ‘snag’ that may be apparently unsurmountable but a ‘solution’ might be at some inaccessible or unreachable place. It becomes the grounds for such a thievery, but not otherwise. Russians found
however, some remarkable and equally workable alternatives (like the one they have as alternative for V/STOL of Sea Harrier, the Carrier borne aircraft). All this instead of denigrating, lofts their technological acumen to a higher plane. It is true that they didn’t indulge in things like production of ‘Denims’ etc. Most of the latest, new-fangled household appliances and items of daily use were not there in Soviet Russia as these smack of Consumerism/Capitalism. If it is a thing to ‘gloat’ over, so be it!
Stalin’s singular contribution (though the germ of the idea was shared with Lenin) was making cheap power available and abundantly. In their scheme of things everything produced needs to be low-cost and functionally adequate. He harnessed the Hydro-electric potential of mighty Rivers Ob (7th longest), Yenisei (5th longest)& Lena (11th longest). He had a formula
Marxism+ Electric Power = Communism.
Power is needed for industries, employment & so to prosperity. Central Government underwriting every expenditure, there was no wrangling about costs, finances etc. Trade was carried out by paying ‘hard’ cash or even gold. With some countries, and their currencies very much invited (welcome), much of their imports and exports were balanced. India was one such with which Russia had Rupee payment deal. It is almost like a barter-trade with money as an intermediate standard. In Communist block Indian Rupee commanded premium. For instance Russian technical textbooks (highly rated and better content-wise) were available for a sixth or tenth of the cost of a McGraw-Hill textbook on Metallurgy or Electronics. Imported ‘Linen’ as a fabric material was (in 1960s) dirt cheap, while now I find it at least twenty times costly.
The proof of the pudding is in eating- Soviet Russia could and did all Space, War related things that America did, better than Canada, the Netherlands or Italy. Although, she didn’t produce a decent pair of Denim trousers. Stalin managed the Economy so well.
Answer by Joseph the Second
Hold on… -I’ll think of Something… Eventually…
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